Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Symptoms Causes & Treatments
Do you know that the fat buildup in the liver can cause various risks to health? These conditions, as a whole, are known as NonAlcoholic Fatty liver diseases. Factors such as being Overweight and obesity are the major causes of NAFLD.
High levels so fat in the liver can lead to serious health problems such as diabetes. If you are diabetic, NAFLD initiates heart problems. It can also trigger high blood pressure and can damage the kidney.
If the NonAlcoholic fatty liver disease is left untreated, there are chances of Liver cirrhosis. This could be much more serious and permanent. This damage to your liver is similar to the condition of an alcoholic Fatty liver disease.
Therefore, we recommend managing NAFLD at the earliest.
What are the Symptoms of Nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease?
Upper Right abdominal pain is the most common symptom of Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Fatigue is another common symptom but usually, there will not be many signs that you have NAFLD.
Although that is the case you need to be aware of some Liver Cirrhosis (Advanced Scarring) These include:
- Enlarged Spleen
- Swelling of Abdomen
- Blood vessels can get enlarged just beneath the skin.
- Palms become red
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Causes
Experts don’t know the exact reason why some people accumulate fat in the liver while others do not. Similarly, there is a limited understanding of why some people’s fatty livers develop inflammation that progresses to cirrhosis.
NAFLD and advanced scarring are both links to the following:
- Overweight or obesity
- Insulin resistance is an umbrella term used to describe a state of the body where cells don’t take up sugar due to insulin.
- High blood sugar can be a sign of diabetes, prediabetes, and other diseases related to blood glucose levels. This can go undetected for some time, so you must know the early signs and get tested.
- Triglyceride levels can be a danger to your health.
Quite a few patients end up with various health problems that affect their lives in one way or another. For some people, the fat deposited in their liver cells causes inflammation and leads to NASH. This can lead to scarring of the liver which may restrict its function and cause chronic disease.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Risk factors
There are a lot of diseases and conditions that can increase your risk of NAFLD, including:
- High cholesterol
- Metabolic syndrome
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Sleep apnea
- Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
- Underactive pituitary gland (hypopituitarism)
The main complications of NAFLD and NASH are cirrhosis, which is late-stage scarring in the liver. Cirrhosis typically results from liver injury, such as inflammation in NASH. As the liver tries to halt inflammation by producing areas of scarring (fibrosis), it fails to function properly. Inflammation and the resulting buildup of scar tissue in the liver continue to spread with continued use.
If left untreated, cirrhosis typically leads to:
- Fluid buildup in the abdomen (ascites)
- Swelling of your esophageal veins (varices) is becoming more commonly seen and can lead to tears that cause bleeding.
- Confusion, drowsiness, and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy) in children with cirrhosis may herald the development of cerebral edema.
- Liver cancer
- End-stage liver failure means that the liver has stopped functioning, usually due to a virus like Hepatitis C or due to alcohol abuse.
Treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
Most people with NAFLD do not experience serious problems, but it is important to keep tabs on any symptoms you are experiencing and take steps to halt the progression of the disease.
No medication is specifically for NAFLD, but making healthy lifestyle choices can certainly help.
Treatment may also be helpful for conditions (high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol) or complications
I would certainly recommend that you make a point of going to your doctor just to check up on how your liver is doing.
- It’s important to eat healthily, so make sure you are loading up on lots of fresh produce and high-quality proteins. It’s also a great idea to avoid too many processed foods.
- Maintain a healthy weight for the sake of your health. If you are overweight or obese, try to reduce your caloric intake and get more exercise. For those who have a healthy weight, maintain it by eating well and exercising!
- Commit to a healthy lifestyle! Exercise at least 3x per week, talk to your doctor first if you haven’t exercised for a while.
NAFLD is not by alcohol, but drinking may make the condition worse. It’s therefore advisable to cut down or stop drinking alcohol. And also, If detected and managed at an early stage, it’s possible to stop NAFLD from getting worse and reduce the amount of fat
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