What are the Causes, Symptoms & treatments of Dry Eye Syndrome

Apr 06, 2023 by Adhip

Millions of people from around the world suffer from Dry eye syndrome, a fairly common eye condition. It occurs when your eyes don’t produce enough tears or when your tears evaporate too quickly. This can cause a range of uncomfortable symptoms, including dryness, itching, redness, and sensitivity to light. In extreme circumstances, it can even be detrimental to the point where one’s vision deteriorates or even gets lost. In this article, we’ll explore dry eye syndrome in more detail, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Causes of Dry Eye Syndrome 

Dry Eye Syndrome can have many underlying causes, the most frequent ones being – age, environment, genetics, certain medications, and autoimmune diseases.

  1. Age: As we age, our eyes naturally produce fewer tears, which can lead to this syndrome.
  2. Gender: Women are more likely to develop this syndrome than men, particularly after menopause.
  3. Environmental factors: Exposure to dry or windy environments, air conditioning, and smoke can all contribute to this syndrome.
  4. Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and blood pressure medications, can cause this syndrome as a side effect.
  5. Health conditions: Health conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid disorders can all increase the risk of developing the syndrome.

Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome can affect people in different ways, but the most commonly observed symptoms include:

  1. Dryness: Your eyes may feel dry, itchy, or gritty.
  2. Redness: Your eyes may appear red or bloodshot.
  3. Sensitivity to light: Your eyes may become more sensitive to light, making it difficult to see in bright environments.
  4. Blurry vision: Your vision may become blurry, particularly when reading or using a computer.
  5. Watery eyes: Although it may seem counterintuitive, some people with dry eye syndrome experience excessive tearing as their eyes try to compensate for the lack of moisture.

Treatment for Dry Eye Syndrome

There are several treatment options available for dry eye syndrome, depending on the underlying cause and severity of your symptoms. Therefore, Some of the most common treatment options include:

  1. Artificial tears: Artificial tears are a type of eye drop that can help lubricate the eyes and relieve dryness.
  2. Prescription eye drops: In some cases, prescription eye drops may be necessary to manage dry eye syndrome.
  3. Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes such as taking regular breaks when using a computer, using a humidifier, and avoiding smoky environments can all help to alleviate dry eye symptoms.
  4. Medications: In some cases, medications such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs may be necessary to manage underlying health conditions that contribute to the syndrome.


Dry eye syndrome is a prevalent issue and can cause discomfort to anyone, regardless of age or gender. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for this syndrome, you can take steps to manage your symptoms and improve your overall eye health. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms associated with eye syndrome, be sure to speak to your eye doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

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