What are the Best foods for hypothyroid?

Jan 04, 2023 by Adhip

The hypothyroid diet can have a significant impact on certain symptoms, some of the best foods may help ease this while others may worsen or interfere with treatment.

The thyroid is a small organ that is shaped like a butterfly in the throat. It produces fewer hormones when you have an underactive thyroid. The symptoms of hypothyroidism come from this hormone deficiency.

This is why restricting carbs is crucial to many dieters, as it can slow down the body’s metabolism and cause weight gain and fatigue, among other symptoms.

You’ll learn below how the diet can affect your hypothyroidism. You’ll also see several healthy tips, including some you should avoid, as well as a 1-week meal plan with recipes.

How does the diet affect hypothyroidism?

People with hypothyroidism may find that altering their diet can help manage the condition. This doesn’t cure it, it just helps.

The following information may be useful to know when beginning the job search.

  • Foods with certain nutrients, such as iodine, selenium, and zinc, can help maintain healthy thyroid function.
  • Some foods may harm your thyroid and worsen symptoms of hypothyroidism.
  • Patients should check the necessary foods and supplements to avoid before starting any thyroid treatment. For instance, things like soy or spinach can interfere with output production.

Best food for hypothyroid: Containing iodine

The body needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. The problem is that the body can’t manufacture it, so you need to get it from your diet.

Foods and foodstuffs rich in iodine include cheese, milk, iodized table salt, fish such as herring and sardines, seaweed (nori) from the family Laminariaceae, and eggs.

According to a recent survey, iodine deficiency is only very slightly common in the US. That’s because most people use iodized table salt and avoid certain diets. However, the condition is just as prevalent in other areas.

An iodine deficiency can cause an enlarged thyroid gland, known as a goiter.

But it is crucial to avoid consuming too much iodine. Taking too much of this can worsen hypothyroidism and worsens hyperthyroidism, which can result in the body having excess thyroid hormones.

To get enough iodine, a person should only make changes to their diet if they’re advised by a doctor.

Foods containing selenium

Selenium is a micronutrient that has antioxidant qualities and plays a role in the production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid tissue naturally contains this element.

A 2017 review has found that maintaining selenium levels in the body helps prevent thyroid disease and establishes an overall foundation for health.

Selenium is a protein that can be found in Brazil nuts, tuna, shrimp, beef, turkey, chicken, ham eggs & brown rice.

Best food for hypothyroid: Zinc

Zinc is another mineral that may specifically benefit people with hypothyroid hormone levels.

A recent small-scale study found that zinc supplementation alone or in combination with selenium improved thyroid function in females with hypothyroidism

Foods rich in zinc include oysters, beef, crab, fortified cereals, and noodles. Legumes, pumpkin seeds, yogurt, and eggs are also very good sources of zinc.

Foods to avoid

Certain nutrients can interfere with a person’s thyroid health, which is why it’s important to keep a tab on how much of these nutrients they eat. However, this doesn’t mean that you should avoid eating foods rich in those: just be mindful of the amount.

Best food for hypothyroid: Goitrogens

Goitrogens are substances that may affect the thyroid if you consume them in large amounts.

However, when enjoyed in normal amounts, vegetables that contain goitrogens such as broccoli and bok choy not only provide valuable nutrients but also do not interfere with thyroid function.

Additionally, cooking most vegetables will reduce the goitrogenic compounds.

Food items that are rich in goitrogens include green cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and brussels sprouts.


Soy might interfere with how the body produces thyroid hormone, but there is not enough evidence to support this claim.

In one case, a 72-year-old woman developed severe hypothyroidism after drinking a soy-heavy health drink for 6 months. After she stopped the drink and started taking thyroid hormone replacement therapy, her condition improved.

However, other research has found that soy doesn’t have a great impact on thyroid levels. This means we need more studies to identify the effects of soy on thyroid function.

Soy is found in many different foods including, soy milk, soy sauce, edamame, tofu, miso

Best food for hypothyroid: Gluten

It has been found that people with Hashimoto’s Disease, a type of hypothyroidism, are more likely to have celiac disease than other people. It is because both involve autoimmune disorders, and someone who is having one of these may then get the other as well.

A recent study has shown that avoiding gluten as diet tends to improve thyroid function in patients with Hashimoto’s without celiac disease.

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation and damage to the small intestine “due to the ingestion of gluten” a protein found in wheat, oats, rye, & barley.

Treating celiac disease can involve a gluten-free diet. Hypothyroid sufferers with autoimmune-related issues may see improvements when they try removing best food with gluten from their diet.

Processed foods

Switching away from processed and sugary foods to better manage your symptoms, maintain a healthier weight, and boost your general wellness.

Here are some examples of best food for hypothyroid, beverages and high in sugar: fast food, hot dogs, donuts, cakes, cookies, soda

Other important nutrients

Besides the nutrients listed above, there are several other vitamins and minerals that people with hypothyroidism need to be mindful of.

  • Vitamin D: People with hypothyroidism tend to not get enough vitamin D since it isn’t found in many foods. However, if you don’t have enough vitamin D your thyroid function can be negatively impacted and symptoms worsen. That’s why you should consider supplementing your diet with vitamin D.
  • B12: If you have hypothyroidism, it’s important to get your B-12 levels tested. For people with low or suboptimal levels, a doctor may recommend taking a B-complex supplement.
  • Magnesium is low or not supplemented enough in case of thyroid dysfunction and can therefore lead to hypothyroidism. Supplementing with magnesium has been shown on occasion to have a positive impact on the severity of the disease.
  • Iron deficiency is common in women with hypothyroidism. Iron needs to be supplemented to maintain healthy iron levels and help avoid further damage.

Getting enough nutrients for the thyroid is one of the key aspects of maintaining good health. Vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and proteins are just some of the important nutrients but there are plenty more best food for hypothyroid.

Other dietary tips

To get the most out of your thyroid medicine, take it on an empty stomach. You should take it at least 30-60 minutes before breakfast or at least 3-4 hours after dinner.

Please do not eat any food that contains iron or calcium within 4 hours of taking this medication.

For example, some of the medications that might interfere with thyroid medication are:

  • antacids or acid reducers
  • milk and calcium supplements
  • iron supplements
  • high-fiber foods, such as bran flakes, fiber bars, and fiber drinks are a good way to stay full for longer periods.
  • foods high in iodine
  • soy-based foods


Hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder whereby the thyroid gland fails to produce enough of certain hormones like thyroxine.

When untreated, hypothyroidism can cause fatigue as well as other symptoms. The most common treatment usually involves taking a synthetic version of thyroid hormones to stimulate metabolism.

A healthy diet with the best food for hypothyroid can help ensure that thyroid health problems are minimal. Doctors often recommend a supplement and individualized plan to help maximize medication absorption and lower the risk of weight gain.

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