Varicose Vein Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
Varicose veins are swollen, bulging blood vessels that can be seen just underneath the skin which causes pain. They typically affect the legs, as standing or walking cause increased pressure in the lower body. Such veins can also appear in other parts of the body if they are close to the surface of the skin.
Varicose and spider veins are usually cosmetic issues for some people, but they can cause pain and uncomfortable for others. Furthermore, it can also lead to the development of more serious health issues in some cases.
To get rid of unwanted veins, treatment options may include self-care measures as well as procedures that are carried out by a healthcare provider.
Table of contents
Causes & Symptoms of Varicose vein
Varicose vein: Causes
Veins in the legs must work against gravity to bring the blood back up to the heart. Inadequate or weakened valves can cause varicose veins. Additionally, Arteries are responsible for transporting blood away from your heart and to other body parts.
The muscles of the lower legs act like pumps that help push the blood back up toward the heart. The vein walls are elastic, and they contain tiny valves which open when the blood is flowing toward the heart and close to stop it from going in reverse. When the valves located inside the veins become weak or broken, it can lead to a condition in which blood flows backward and pools up in the veins. As a result, these veins expand or twist due to excess pressure.
Varicose Vein: Symptoms
Varicose veins may not be painful, but they still have signs you should look out for. These signs include:
- Veins with a dark bluish or purplish hue.
- In the legs, veins may be visible and appear swollen, coiled, or rope-like. These twisted and bulging veins are usually a sign of underlying conditions.
People dealing with varicose vein causes might experience painful symptoms such as:
- Feeling of discomfort or heaviness in the lower extremities, commonly accompanied by aching.
- Burning, aching, spasms, and inflammation can experience a significant amount of discomfort.
- Prolonged sitting or standing may increase one’s discomfort and pain.
- Experiencing an itchy sensation near one or multiple veins
- Varicose veins can often cause changes in skin color in the affected area, ranging from dark purple to reddish brown.
Spider veins have many similarities to varicose veins, however, they are usually much smaller in size. Additionally, they are closer to the skin’s surface and generally present themselves as red or blue discoloration.
Spider veins are a common problem, mainly located on the legs but can also appear on the face. They show up in different sizes & shapes and often resemble a spider’s web.
Treating and preventing varicose veins
Generally, physicians prefer a more conservative approach when dealing with the causes of varicose veins. Instead of looking into more intensive treatments, they will likely suggest modifications to your lifestyle.
Lifestyle changes for the causes of Varicose Vein
To lessen the chances of varicose veins forming or getting worse, consider making some alterations such as:
- Try to limit the amount of time you spend standing, as prolonged standing can cause pain and fatigue.
- Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is an important part of overall health and well-being. Incorporating exercise into your routine can help you lose or maintain your weight, as well as improve your circulation.
- Wearing compression socks or stockings might be beneficial if you are looking for circulation support and tiredness relief.
If you have existing varicose veins, then these steps can stop more from arising. Also, when you’re sitting or lying down, make sure to keep your legs elevated as much as possible.
Despite making changes in your lifestyle, if you are still suffering from excruciating pain due to Varicose vein causes or it is affecting your health, then your doctor may suggest a more invasive treatment procedure.
A vein ligation and stripping procedure necessitate the use of anesthesia. During the surgery, your doctor will create small incisions in your skin and remove the varicose veins through them. Instead of opting for vein-stripping surgery, newer, less invasive treatments have become the preferred choice among individuals. Although updated forms of vein stripping are available, they are rarely used due to their invasiveness.
Other treatment options for Varicose Vein
Varicose veins can now be treated with a variety of minimally invasive options, such as sclerotherapy and endovenous laser ablation.
- Sclerotherapy is a vein-blocking technique that uses chemical injections to close off larger veins.
- Microsclerotherapy is a procedure that uses injected chemicals to block off small veins.
- Laser surgery uses light energy to shut off a vein, providing a minimally invasive option for medical procedures.
- Endovenous ablation therapy uses heat and radiofrequency waves to close off a vein.
- Endoscopic vein surgery is a minimally-invasive procedure that uses a small scope to block off veins via a small incision.
What are Compression socks or stockings?
Compression socks/stockings are often prescribed by doctors to improve circulation and reduce swelling.
Compression stockings are available in drugstores and medical supply stores with varying levels of compression.
Consulting your physician before committing to any treatment plan is highly recommended. Varicose vein treatments vary based on the severity of the condition, size, and location of the veins. Your doctor can provide you with personalized advice and help you make an informed decision.
Varicose veins tend to become even more severe if no action is taken for its causes. However, making a few lifestyle modifications can help you minimize the symptoms and reduce the pain. Although they may be unappealing, they do not cause any serious health issues in the long run.
Varicose veins can be a serious issue if left untreated, sometimes leading to ulcerations or sores, blood clots, or inflammation. In extreme cases, the veins may even rupture and cause more severe complications.
If you experience any of the related symptoms, visiting a medical professional should be your first step. Depending on your condition, they may suggest more aggressive treatments such as surgery or alternative interventions.
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