How can we Treat Enamel hypoplasia & What are the things to be noted?
Enamel is the resilient outer layer of teeth, which helps protect them from decay and damage. Unfortunately, enamel hypoplasia can occur while the teeth are still in development and cause thin enamel, increasing vulnerability to dental issues. This defect can happen in both baby teeth and permanent ones.
Enamel hypoplasia manifests itself visibly in the form of white spots, indentations, & channels on the outer part of the teeth.
The substance found in your teeth known as enamel is the hardest structure in your body, but unfortunately has no living cells and can’t heal itself or improve without help. If you or someone you love experiences enamel hypoplasia, it’s key that you have a dentist periodically check in on their condition and swiftly intervene when necessary to fix any problem spots.
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Symptoms of Enamel hypoplasia?
Enamel hypoplasia can show certain signs that are easier to spot than others, while some might not be apparent until they lead to significant dental issues. If you have thin enamel on your teeth, it can lead to several problems such as increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, a greater risk of tooth decay and cavities, and increased staining on the surface.
Causes of Enamel hypoplasia
A genetic condition called amelogenesis imperfecta or congenital enamel hypoplasia can lead to a deficiency in enamel development. It is estimated that this situation happens to approximately one out of fourteen thousand individuals in the United States.
Congenital enamel hypoplasia is a condition that can lead to small teeth and other dental issues. It may occur as a stand-alone condition, or be linked to hereditary syndromes impacting other areas.
Syndromes such as Usher, Seckel, Ellis-van Creveld, Treacher Collins, dental, 22q11 deletion (velocardiofacial), and Heimler are examples of genetic disorders that have been identified.
It is important to start monitoring a child’s dental health from an early age. Therefore, it is for that babies who visit a dentist when they get their first tooth or before their first birthday. Early screening and diagnosis are necessary for good dental health.
Mild to severe dental issues of enamel hypoplasia require different levels of treatment, all of which have the same goal: to prevent cavities and maintain an optimal bite, preserve tooth structure, and keep teeth looking as good as possible.
Some of the smaller existing dental issues may not require immediate treatment, however, it still necessery to monitor them. Your dentist may opt for a topical fluoride treatment instead to protect your teeth.
Treatments for weak tooth structures
If sensitivity, cavities, or worn tooth structure are present, potential treatments include:
- With the use of resin-bonded sealant, tooth sensitivity can be reduced. It is a great solution to improve your oral health.
- Resin-based composite fillings are ideal for use on front or back teeth, as they can be matched to your tooth color. Furthermore, they offer great durability and are a reliable solution.
- If you don’t want your front teeth to have a silver color, you may want to consider an alternative to dental amalgam fillings. These are from a mix of metals and are quite durable, but the appearance is off-putting.
- Gold fillings are strong and long-lasting, but they don’t look quite as natural as the other options. In addition, they tend to be the costliest of all types of dental fillings.
- Dental crowns are a popular choice for restoring teeth as they can completely cover the damaged tooth and provide optimal protection.
- Enamel microabrasion is a great, non-invasive method to enhance the look of your teeth. It doesn’t require much and can do it quickly and with minimal discomfort.
- Professional teeth whitening is a great way to bring back your smile’s natural brightness
Complications of Enamel hypoplasia
Poor dental care can lead to several issues such as cavities, browning of teeth, and even extractions. Contributing factors include improper hygiene practices, excessive sugar intake, and overcrowdedness in the mouth. Furthermore, neglecting your oral health may also lead to anxiety related to the look of your smile.
People with thin enamel need to be extra vigilant when it comes to taking care of their teeth. Early treatment of any potential problems can help avoid serious issues like tooth loss in the future. Routine dental visits can help manage enamel hypoplasia, and proper oral hygiene is essential for good dental health.
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